Industries

agriculture and horticulture

Apprenticeships, Degree Apprenticeships and Work Experience

Agriculture & Horticulture


Agriculture and horticulture are industries that are hugely in demand. So, whether you enjoy working in the great outdoors and getting up close and personal with nature, or would rather remain comfy behind a desk, there's lots of choices just waiting to be discovered.

Industry Summary

There are many opportunities for you to get your foot in the door in order to start your agriculture or horticulture career. Whether you choose to do an apprenticeship, study at university, get straight into a full-time role, or even just get some work experience, there are lots of exciting roles available. What’s for certain is that there are lots of different routes into the agriculture and horticulture industries, so it is crucial that you understand the difference between the two:

  • Horticulture focusses on smaller, enclosed plots while agriculture is done on a large scale.
  • Horticulture concentrates on cultivating, marketing, technology and improvement of plants, whereas agriculture is all about cultivating plants for human consumption, as well as raising animals for food and other necessities that require plants.

In more simple terms, agriculture is farming whereas horticulture is gardening. There are many roles within agriculture – from farming and working with livestock to tending crops, land management or driving large machinery; there really is something for everyone. However, if this doesn’t sound like you and you’d rather work in management or as a skilled technician, that is also possible! The hours can be long, and there may be lots of manual work, but the industry is very rewarding.

If you choose to do go into horticulture, you could end up nurturing large-scale projects in big businesses or you could put your flourishing talents to use on domestic projects. A role in this industry could involve you cultivating plants, landscaping, grounds-keeping, floristry, and more. This is a rich industry with plenty of room to grow.

 

What options can I take for a career in agriculture and horticulture?

 

Work Experience

To start a career in agriculture and horticulture, the main thing that most employers will be looking for is a passion for the industry and some knowledge about the area you’d like to work in, preferably from work experience. Whether you love flowers and know every species, or you have a real passion for lambing, become the expert! Contact local employers, such as greenhouses or florists for opportunities. Or you could go to local events and speak to farmers, horticulturists and agriculturists and find out from them what you can do to pursue a career in this industry. Creating these meaningful relationships could be what gets you your first job in the agriculture and horticulture world!

Unsure about what a work placement could involve? You should’ve asked!

 

Apprenticeships

To start your career in agriculture and horticulture, you could choose to do an apprenticeship. As an agriculture or horticulture apprentice, you’ll spend 20% of your week working towards a qualification, and the remaining time working full-time with an employer, all while being paid. An apprenticeship is a great idea for this industry because you’ll learn all of the ins-and-outs of operations and gain valuable work experience setting you up for a great career! Currently, apprenticeships are only available at intermediate and advanced level, but degree apprenticeships are in the pipeline. Here are some examples of apprenticeships in this blooming industry:

  • Level 2 – Arborist
  • Level 2 – Forest Operative
  • Level 2 – Land-based Service Engineer
  • Level 2 – Horticulture and Landscape Operative
  • Level 2 – Sports Turf Operative
  • Level 2 – Stockperson
  • Level 3 – Advanced Golf Greenkeeper
  • Level 3 – Crop Technician
  • Level 3 – Landscape/Horticulture Supervisor

Want to know what apprenticeships are all about? We have you covered!

 

University

You may choose to go to university to start your career in agriculture and horticulture, your degree could lead you onto great things. You’ll be learning the theoretical knowledge behind everything in the industry and have the opportunity to choose your topics to specialise in certain areas. When you get a full-time role, you’ll then be able to apply this knowledge to your job! It’s advisable to look for a degree that contains a year in industry in order to get some great work experience and make connections to start your career. Here are some examples of agriculture and horticulture degrees available:

  • Agricultural Business Management BSc (Hons)
  • Agricultural Economics BSc (Hons)
  • Agriculture BSc (Hons)
  • Agriculture Science (Global Agriculture and Food Security) BSc (Hons)
  • Environmental Management with Agriculture BSc (Hons)
  • Farm Business Management BSc (Hons)
  • Forestry BSc (Hons)
  • Horticulture Science and Management BSc (Hons)
  • Horticulture (Plant Science) BSc (Hons)
  • Horticulture – Commercial BSc (Hons)
  • Horticulture BSc (Hons)
  • International Agriculture BSc (Hons)

Want to find out what University could offer you? We have your back!

 

Graduate Jobs

If you’ve already got your degree and you want to start your career in agriculture and horticulture, you can look at graduate opportunities. This will mean that an employer will put you on a training programme to further develop your skills while you work full time! This will give you the opportunity to apply your knowledge while learning from skilled professionals. However, you may simply enter a full-time role straight away!

Want to know what graduate jobs are all about? We can help!

 

Other routes

You can go straight into getting a job in agriculture and horticulture. Nonetheless, we would recommend that you get some work experience in this industry and make connections to be able to get your foot in the door and succeed. To do this you could set up a professional business twitter or LinkedIn (they’re both free) to get started. This is the best way to get your first-time role!

Now it’s time to begin your agriculture & horticulture search

Career Progression, Discover Your Future

Managers and proprietors in agriculture and horticulture

Work Description

Managers and proprietors in this unit group plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities and resources of farming establishments cultivating arable crops, fruits, trees and shrubs, and/or raising cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry. Managers and proprietors in horticulture oversee the production of plants for wholesale and/or retail.

Qualification

Whilst no formal academic qualifications are required by proprietors in this area, most farm and horticultural managers have a vocational agricultural qualification (such as a BTEC/SQA award) and prior practical farming experience. Many farm and horticultural management jobs require a degree or equivalent qualification in a relevant subject. A small number of large farm and farm consultancy companies run graduate management training schemes. NVQs/SVQs in Agriculture are available at Level 4.

Job Tasks

determines financial, staffing and other short and long-term needs; produces and maintains records of production, finance and breeding; decides or advises on the types of crops and/or produce to be grown or livestock raised; plans intensity and sequence of farm or horticultural operations and orders seed, fertiliser, equipment and other supplies; markets and arranges for the sale of crops, livestock and other farm or horticultural produce.

Related Jobs

Maker, wine Manager, farm Manager, nursery Manager, operations Manager, production Manager, stock, farm Manager, stock, live Manager, stock Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Owner, farm Owner Owner Owner Viticulturist 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Managers and proprietors in forestry, fishing and related services

Work Description

Managers and proprietors in this unit group plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities and resources of forestry, fishing, animal husbandry and related operations and establishments.

Qualification

Whilst no formal qualifications are required for proprietors in this area, forestry managers usually require a degree or equivalent qualification in forestry and prior relevant work experience. BTEC qualifications in fish farm management are available. Skippers of offshore fishing vessels require prior work experience and must undertake basic safety training by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency. Apprenticeships are available in some areas. Minimum age limits may apply in some areas of employment.

Job Tasks

determines financial, staffing and other short- and long-term needs; manages and trains staff; decides, or advises on, type of animal to be bred and/or trained, and selects, buys and trains animals accordingly; plans and directs the establishment and maintenance of forest /woodland areas and regularly inspects forest work; liaises with neighbouring landowners, contractors and local authorities; oversees facilities such as visitor centres, nature trails, footpaths, etc.; selects suitable breeding grounds for shellfish, sea and freshwater fish and purchases stock; arranges rearing and feeding and ensures health of fish stocks; oversees maintenance of equipment and fish habitats; plans fishing voyages, maintains vessel/s and equipment and oversees operational safety; arranges for sale of catch, liaises with onshore agents; ensures observance of maritime laws and international fishing regulations.

Related Jobs

Manager, farm, fish Manager, farm, stud Manager, forest Manager, forestry Manager, kennel Manager, nursery, forest Manager, stud Manager, yard, livery Manager, yard Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Manager Mariner, master Master Owner, boat, fishing Owner, cattery Owner, hatchery, fish Owner, kennels Owner Owner Owner Owner Owner Owner Owner Owner Trainer, horse, race Trainer, racehorse 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Conservation professionals

Work Description

Conservation professionals are responsible for ensuring that landscapes, habitats and species are protected and enhanced via appropriate management and conservation. They promote public understanding and awareness of the natural environment and help to develop and implement appropriate policies to achieve these objectives.

Qualification

Entrants normally require a degree in a relevant subject, sometimes with a related postgraduate qualification. Entry is also possible with a relevant BTEC/SQA Award or HND. Prior practical work experience (which may be obtained on a voluntary basis) is needed for most posts. Additional on-the-job training is available.

Job Tasks

promotes and implements local and national biodiversity action plans, particularly with regard to threatened species and habitats; carries out environmental impact assessments and field surveys; implements, evaluates and monitors schemes for the management and protection of natural habitats; provides advice and information to government at national and local levels, clients, landowners, planners and developers to facilitate the protection of the natural environment; liaises with other groups in the selection and maintenance of the Protected Site System including Special Areas of Conservation (SACs), Ramsar sites, and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and National Nature Reserves (NNRs); maintains and develops knowledge in relevant policy areas within a national and European legislative context; promotes conservation issues via educational talks, displays, workshops and literature and liaison with the media; prepares applications for funding to other organisations, and assessing applications for funding from other organisations; carries out research into aspects of the natural world.

Related Jobs

Adviser, conservation Adviser, countryside Adviser, management, land Conservationist, marine Conservationist, nature, coastal Conservationist Consultant, ecological Ecologist, marine Ecologist Inspector, buildings, historic Inspector Interpreter, heritage Manager, conservation Manager, countryside Manager, heritage Manager, park, national Officer, access, countryside Officer, access Officer, conservancy Officer, conservation, assistant Officer, conservation, chief Officer, conservation, energy Officer, conservation, senior Officer, conservation, water Officer, conservation Officer, conservation Officer, countryside Officer, development, rural Officer, district Officer, divisional Officer, ecology Officer, field Officer, heritage Officer, park, national Scientist, landscape Surveyor, field, biological 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Environment professionals

Work Description

Jobholders in this unit group investigate, address, and advise on a variety of terrestrial and marine environment and resource management issues, including the development and implementation of environmental policies and remedies that address the impacts of human activities and industrial processes on the environment.

Qualification

A good degree in a relevant subject is normally a minimum entry qualification, and some employers will require a postgraduate qualification. Relevant work experience to complement academic qualifications is highly desirable. Professional qualifications across a wide range of areas of work are available.

Job Tasks

identifies contamination of land, air or water and assesses any adverse impact on the environment; advises on and provides solutions for mitigating the effects of such contamination; implements remediation works; carries out environment-related desk-based research and fieldwork to collect, analyse and interpret data to determine their validity, quality and significance; carries out environmental audits and environmental impact assessments; communicates scientific and technical information to relevant audiences in an appropriate form, via reports, workshops, educational events, public hearings; assists organisations to conduct their activities in an environmentally appropriate manner; implements, reviews and advises on regulatory and legislative standards, guidelines and policies; provides professional guidance to clients, government agencies, regulators and other relevant bodies, having regard for sustainable approaches and solutions.

Related Jobs

Chemist, environmental Consultant, environmental Engineer, environmental Engineer, geoenvironmental Engineer, land, contaminated Engineer, landfill Engineer Environmentalist Manager, energy Manager, environmental Manager, risk, flood Manager, safety and environmental, health Manager, warning, flood Manager Manager Officer, carbon and sustainability Officer, defence, flood Officer, education, environmental Officer, environmental Officer, interpretation Officer, interpretative Officer, protection, environmental Officer, sustainability Officer, warning, flood Scientist, environmental Scientist, quality, water Specialist, geoenvironmental Specialist, land, contaminated 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Conservation and environmental associate professionals

Work Description

Conservation and environmental associate professionals are responsible for the day-to-day running and management of areas of the countryside and the wider environment in a way that reconciles the interests of conservation, land owners and the public. They carry out practical conservation activities and assist in promoting awareness of the natural environment.

Qualification

Entrants typically possess a relevant BTEC/SQA award or similar qualification and have prior related experience, often as a volunteer. Apprenticeships and NVQs/SVQs in relevant subjects at Levels 2 and 3 are available.

Job Tasks

assists with ecological surveys to identify plant and animal species, map their habitat and draw up conservation plans; implements schemes for the management and protection of natural habitats; assists with environmental audits and impact assessments; organises and supervises conservation projects and the work of part-time and voluntary staff; provides information and education to the public through setting up displays, writing leaflets and making presentations; organises guided walks and answers questions from the public about an area and its wildlife; works with the emergency services in instances of fire, flood, injury or mountain rescue.

Related Jobs

Campaigner, environmental Inspector, waste Officer, amenities Officer, estate Officer, estates Officer, park, chief Officer, park, country Officer, parks Officer, woodland Ranger, countryside Ranger, education Ranger, estate Ranger, park, national Ranger, park Ranger, recreation Ranger Technician, environmental Warden, countryside Warden, environmental Warden, estate Warden, park, national Warden, range Warden, reserve, nature Worker, conservation 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Farmers

Work Description

Farmers and related occupations cultivate arable crops, fruits and trees, and raise cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other livestock for consumption.

Qualification

No formal academic qualifications are required, but prior practical farming experience is normally needed. Training is typically received on-the-job and via a variety of vocational qualifications in agriculture, including NVQs/SVQs at Levels 1 to 4. Apprenticeships are also available in some areas.

Job Tasks

feeds and waters animals, takes responsibility for livestock health and welfare, treats minor ailments and calls vet if necessary; plants, propagates, sprays, fertilises and harvests field crops; undertakes farm maintenance tasks such as fencing, hedging, cleaning and building maintenance; operates and maintains farm machinery such as combine harvesters, straw balers, milking machines and tractors; arranges for the sale of crops, livestock and other farm produce; maintains records of production, finance and breeding; ensures good environmental practice is observed in all tasks.

Related Jobs

Agent, farm Agent, livestock Agriculturist Bailiff, estate Bailiff, farm Bailiff, land Breeder Breeder Contractor, agricultural Contractor, farm Contractor, ploughing Contractor Crofter Farmer, fish Farmer, game Farmer, salmon Farmer, trout Farmer Farmer Fieldman Fieldsman Foreman, farm Foreman Foreman-ganger Grieve Holder, small Hwsmyn Keeper, pig Keeper, poultry Landholder Manager, dairy Manager, herd Manager, livestock Manager, pig Manager, poultry Manager, unit, pig Producer, egg Rearer, calf Rearer, cattle Rearer, poultry Smallholder Sprayer, crop Steward, estate Steward, farm Technician, agricultural Technician, farm 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Horticultural trades

Work Description

Horticultural trades workers intensively cultivate vegetables, plants, fruit, shrubs, trees and flowers in greenhouses, market gardens, nurseries and orchards.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements. NVQs/SVQs in Horticulture are available at Levels 1, 2 and 3. Professional qualifications from the Royal Horticultural Society are also available.

Job Tasks

prepares soil in field, bed or pot by hand or machine; mixes soil, composts, fertilisers and/or organic matter and spreads fertiliser and manure; sows seeds and bulbs and transplants seedlings; propagates plants by taking cuttings and by grafting and budding, applies weed-killer, fungicide and insecticide to control pests and diseases; prunes and thins trees and shrubs; supports trees by staking and wiring.

Related Jobs

Assistant, gardener's Assistant, gardener's Assistant, horticultural Assistant, house, green Assistant, nursery, garden Assistant, nursery Assistant, nursery Cultivator, watercress Foreman, house, glass Foreman Foreman Fruitman, head Fruitman Gardener, fruit Gardener, market Gardener, nursery Gardener Gardener Gardener Grafter Grower Grower Grower Horticulturalist Horticulturist Landscaper, interior Manufacturer, seed Nurseryman Planter, coffee Planter, rubber Planter, tea Planter, tobacco Planter, tree Propagator Pruner, tree Pruner Pruner Supervisor, nursery Technician, horticultural Worker, seed 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Gardeners and landscape gardeners

Work Description

Gardeners and landscape gardeners cultivate flowers, trees, shrubs and other plants in public and private gardens, construct features to improve the appearance of existing terrain, and cut and lay turf.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements. NVQs/SVQs in Horticulture are available at Levels 1, 2 and 3. Professional qualifications are also available.

Job Tasks

levels ground and installs drainage system as required; prepares soil and plants and transplants, prunes, weeds and otherwise tends plant life; protects plants from pests and diseases; cuts and lays turf using hand and machine tools and repairs damaged turf; prepares or interprets garden design plans; moves soil to alter surface contour of land using mechanical equipment and constructs paths, rockeries, ponds and other features; performs general garden maintenance.

Related Jobs

Assistant, gardener's Contractor, gardening Contractor, landscape Designer, garden Foreman, landscape Foreman Gardener, landscape Gardener Gardener-caretaker Gardener-groundsman Gardener-handyman Handyman-gardener Landscaper Pruner, tree Pruner Technician, care, lawn 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Groundsmen and greenkeepers

Work Description

Groundsmen and greenkeepers cut and lay turf and maintain areas for golf courses and other sports grounds.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements. NVQs/SVQs in Sports Turf Management are available at Level 4. Professional qualifications are also available.

Job Tasks

levels ground and installs drainage system as required; cuts and lays turf using hand and machine tools and repairs damaged turf; moves soil to alter surface contour of land using mechanical equipment and constructs appropriate landscaping features and maintains such features; monitors and maintains the quality and condition of turf; rolls, mows and waters grass, marks out pitches.

Related Jobs

Attendant, ground Contractor, turf Cutter, turf Digger, turf Greenkeeper Greensman Groundsman Groundsperson Improver, green Keeper, grass Keeper, green Keeper, ground Keeper, grounds Layer, turf Man, course, golf Supplier, turf 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Agricultural and fishing trades n.e.c.

Work Description

Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of agricultural and fishing tasks not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 511: Agricultural and Related Trades.

Qualification

No formal academic qualifications are required. Training is typically received on-the-job. A variety of vocational and academic qualifications in fish farming, forestry, horse and other animal care are available. Professional qualifications are also available and may be mandatory in some areas.

Job Tasks

nets river fish and feeds and maintains them in spawning pens, cultivates and harvests oysters, mussels and clams on natural and artificial beds, treats water and diseased fish, and empties and cleans outdoor tanks; navigates and maintains shipping vessels, assists with the shooting, hauling and repairing of fishing nets, prepares, lays and empties baited pots, and guts, sorts and stows fish; establishes and maintains forest nurseries, forestry and woodland, and diagnoses and treats diseased trees; patrols a designated area of the countryside to monitor damage, erosion, access to rights of way and the state of footpaths and other facilities, and carries out remedial maintenance work as necessary; monitors and maintains the level of wildfowl on public and private estates.

Related Jobs

Apiarist Arboriculturist Arborist Assistant, arboricultural Beekeeper Breeder Captain Consultant, arboricultural Contractor, timber Falconer Farmer, bee Fisherman, share Fisherman Fisherman-crofter Foreman Gamekeeper Ghillie Gillie Guide, angling Keeper, bee Keeper, fish Keeper, game Keeper, river Manager, piggery Officer, acquisition Officer, arboricultural Officer, forest Officer, forestry Officer, tree Skipper, trawler Skipper Stalker, deer Surgeon, tree Warden, game Worker, arboricultural 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Florists

Work Description

Florists sell flowers and related products in a wholesale or retail business, and design and make up floral bouquets, wreaths, tributes and other floral arrangements for sale to the public.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements, although some employers may request GCSEs/S grades. Off- and on-the-job training is provided. NVQs/SVQs in Floristry are available at Levels 2 and 3. Professional qualifications are also available.

Job Tasks

orders and purchases fresh flowers, foliage and other floristry items such as ribbons, wire, cards, artificial flowers etc. from wholesalers or growers; displays and cares for flowers, plants and ready-made floral arrangements in selling premises; designs and makes up wreaths, bouquets, posies, corsages, headdresses and button holes using appropriate flowers, foliage, frame and trimmings; confers with and advises customers regarding their design requirements and arranges for the delivery of floral arrangements as requested by the customer; decorates buildings, halls, churches or other facilities for parties, weddings, etc.; sells flowers, plants, foliage etc. to the public and performs retail duties such as keeping accounts.

Related Jobs

Arranger, floral Arranger, flower Artist, floral Assistant, floral Decorator, floral Designer, floral Florist, artificial Florist Maker, wreath, artificial Technician, floral 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Farm workers

Work Description

Farm workers perform a variety of tasks, by hand and machine, to produce and harvest crops and to breed and rear cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry.

Qualification

There are no minimum academic entry requirements. Training is typically received on-the-job, supplemented by vocational training at an agricultural college. A variety of NVQs/SVQs in Agriculture are available at Levels 1 and 2, together with BTEC diplomas and apprenticeships in some areas.

Job Tasks

operates farm machinery to prepare soil, fertilise and treat crops; cultivates growing crops by hoeing, spraying and thinning as necessary; weighs and measures foodstuffs, feeds animals and checks them for any signs of disease; cleans barns, sheds, pens, yards, incubators and breeding units and sterilises milking and other equipment as necessary; treats minor ailments and assists veterinary surgeon as required; moves and handles livestock and tends them during birth and rearing of young; carries out maintenance on farm buildings, hedges, ditches and erects and repairs fences.

Related Jobs

Assistant, farm Assistant, general Assistant, poultry Attendant, pig Attendant, poultry Cattleman Collector, egg Cowman Craftsman, agricultural Cropper Dairymaid Dairyman Hand, dairy Hand, farm Handler, poultry Handyman, farm Help, farm Herdsman Keeper, cow Keeper, stock Labourer, agricultural Labourer, estate Labourer, farm Labourer Lamber Landworker Man, gang Man, job, odd Man, poultry Man, yard Master, gang Operative, agricultural Pigman Shepherd Stockman Stocksman Supervisor, unit, poultry Wife, farmer's Worker, agricultural Worker, farm Worker, field Worker, general Worker, land Worker, poultry Worker, wire Yardman Yardsman 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Forestry workers

Work Description

Forestry workers perform a variety of tasks related to the planting, cultivation and protection of trees.

Qualification

There are no minimum academic entry requirements. Training is typically received on-the-job, supplemented by short courses covering specialised skills. NVQs/SVQs in Forestry are available at Levels 1 and 2, together with BTEC diplomas and apprenticeships in some areas.

Job Tasks

prepares ground for planting by clearing vegetation and other debris; drains and ploughs land and erects and maintains fences as necessary; collects seeds, plants and prunes trees and selects and marks trees for felling; fells trees using axe or power saw and saws wood into required lengths; cuts coppice, removes tops of standing trees and lops branches as necessary; assists in the control of harmful diseases, pests or forms of wildlife; builds and maintains forest roads; maintains watch for fires and operates fire fighting equipment.

Related Jobs

Axeman Caretaker Contractor, forestry Craftsman, forest Craftsman, forestry Cutter, copse Cutter, tree Cutter, willow Cutter, wood Driver, tractor Feller, timber Feller, tree Feller Foreman Forester Grower Grower Grower Grower Grower Holder, small Jack, lumber Keeper, forest Labourer, Crown Labourer, feller's, timber Labourer, forest Labourer, wood Labourer Lopper, tree Lumberjack Man, timber Pruner, tree Ranger, forest Ranger, wood Silviculturist Smallholder Supervisor, arboricultural Taker, care Technician, arboricultural Verderer Verderor Warden, wood Warden Woodcutter Woodman Woodsman Worker, coppice Worker, forest Worker, forestry Workman, forest 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Fishing and other elementary agriculture occupations n.e.c.

Work Description

Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of tasks in relation to the breeding and rearing of animals and fish, catch fish at sea and from inland waterways, assist in the picking and lifting of crops, plant and maintain hedges, oversee the incubation and hatching of eggs and perform other fishing and elementary agricultural tasks not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 911: Elementary Agricultural Occupations.

Qualification

There are no minimum academic entry requirements. Training is typically received on-the-job, supplemented by vocational training at an agricultural college. A variety of NVQs/SVQs in Agriculture, Fish Husbandry and Fishing Vessel Operations is available at Levels 1 and 2. Fishermen/women are required to undertake safety courses before and during the early stages of employment.

Job Tasks

assists with the shooting, hauling and repairing of nets, prepares, lays and empties baited pots at intervals, operates winches and lifting gear, and guts, sorts and stows fish; harvests oysters, mussels, clams and seaweed off natural or artificial beds, nets river fish and maintains them in spawning pens, assists with feeding and water treatment, and empties and cleans outdoor tanks; cleans animals’ quarters and renews bedding as necessary; extracts semen for storage, selects appropriate semen from store, injects recipient animal and issues certificate giving pedigree and date of insemination; incubates eggs in hatchery and supplies chicks for meat and egg production and game birds for reserves; plants cuttings or shrubs, maintains hedges by clipping, pruning and re-planting, and picks fruit, vegetables, hops and flowers; performs other farming and related tasks not elsewhere classified including sorting and marking livestock, catching rabbits, cutting peat, shearing sheep and sexing chickens.

Related Jobs

Assistant, farm, fish Assistant, farm, mink Assistant, general Assistant, hatchery Attendant, aquarium Attendant, nursery Bo'sun Boatswain Bosun Breeder Breeder Breeder Carter Catcher, bird Catcher, chicken Catcher, rabbit Chick-sexer Chopper, firewood Classifier, livestock Cockler Collector, fern Collector, kelp Collector, moss Collector, reed Collector, seaweed Crabber Cultivator, shellfish Cutter, grass Cutter, hay Cutter, heath Cutter, hedge Cutter, mushroom Cutter, peat Cutter, reed Cutter, straw Cutter, vegetable Cutter, watercress Digger, bait Digger, peat Dredgeman Dredger Dresser, potato Drover Gatherer, mussel Gatherer, seaweed Gatherer, watercress Gatherer Grader, pig Grader, stock, live Hand, deck Hand, maintenance Hand, nursery Hand, second Hand, spare Hand, third Hand, trawler Handyman, estate Handyman, gardener's Harpooner Harvester, crop Harvester Hatcher, fish Heathman Heathsman Hedger Hedger and ditcher Incubationist Inseminator, artificial Irrigator Labourer, garden Labourer, garden and parks Labourer, gardener's Labourer, landscape Labourer, parks Labourer, policy Labourer Labourer Lairman Layer, hedge Layman, mussel Loader, timber Man, decoy Man, seed Man, trawler Mariner Mate, boat, fishing Mate, trawler Mate Member, crew Milker Milkman Mower, lawn Musseler Operator, hatchery Picker, cockle Picker, flower Picker, fruit Picker, hop Picker, moss Picker, mushroom Picker, pea Picker, potato Picker Pisciculturist Puller, pea Riddler, potato Seaman Sexer, chick Shearer, sheep Shrimper Teamsman Teamster Technician, insemination, artificial Trapper, rabbit Trapper Trusser Vaccinator Warder, river Washer Watcher, river Weeder Worker, bed, oyster Worker, bulb Worker, crop Worker, estate Worker, farm, fish Worker, farm, salmon Worker, farm, trout Worker, farm Worker, garden, market Worker, general Worker, glass Worker, glasshouse Worker, greenhouse Worker, hatchery Worker, hatchery Worker, horticultural Worker, nursery Worker, peat Worker, seasonal Worker, turf Worker, watercress 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

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