Industries

arts

Apprenticeships, Degree Apprenticeships and Work Experience

Arts

An Apprenticeship in the arts will involve you getting creative from your first day. Working in the art industry, you'll be encouraged to express yourself and get involved in new and historical projects, from graphics, visual and decorative to written and historical arts!

Industry Summary

A career in the Arts could introduce you to many different things; there are many opportunities and roles available to you. Whether you'd like to look at a practical role such as a dancer, graphic designer or interior designer, or you'd prefer administrative or managerial jobs such as a librarian or museum curator. It's all about expression; physical, visual, historical and personal!

In 2017, just over two million people were employed in the creative industries (DCMS). Opportunities are available across the UK from large organisations or smaller, creative businesses that are just as exciting.

The place you'll be working might not be what you expect either, you could be working anywhere from an office to art/design/film/photography studios to theatres, museums and music venues. However, you should also expect to travel or work away from home or abroad depending on your role, you may be involved with national or international tours, shows or shoots!

You could soon be making the headlines with a career in the Arts Industry. It can be difficult to find your first role, but we know that you won't stop, if you're set on getting your big break. The industry recognises talent, so if you're prepared to put in the work, the sky's the limit.

What options can I take for a career in the Arts?

Work Experience

The Arts are a very competitive industry to get involved with and opportunities can be difficult to come across, so it is really important to get work experience or look for a work placement in the Arts. You'll learn skills you can apply to jobs in the future, get experience of the industry to find out if you like it and make connections that could set you up for your career.

Apprenticeships

An Apprenticeship in the Arts will involve you getting hands-on from your first day in the job. You'll spend a majority of your time working in a full-time role full alongside experienced colleagues, and 20% of your time studying towards a qualification. All while being paid a minimum of £3.70 an hour.

Here are some of the Arts apprenticeship opportunities you could consider:

  • Level 2 – Furniture Manufacturing
  • Level 3 - Library, information & archive services assistant
  • Level 3 – Creative Venue Technician
  • Level 3 – Fashion Studio Assistant
  • Level 3 – Organ Builder
  • Level 4 – Cultural Heritage Conservation Technician
  • Level 4 – Junior 2D Artist (visual effects)
  • Level 4 – Fashion and Textiles product technologist
  • Level 5 – Bespoke Tailor and Cutter

Currently, there aren't any degree apprenticeships in the Arts however who knows what the future holds…

University

If you choose to go to university to get your Arts career started, there are hundreds of options available to you. Although it is important to remember that while a degree can put you in a great position to start your career, many employers and jobs don't require a degree. However, a degree would open more avenues for you!

Getting a degree in the Arts will allow you to learn the theoretical knowledge of the arts which you can apply to your career in the future. The benefits of choosing a degree is that you can choose the area that you want to specialise in, a year in industry will also give you the work experience that employers will look for. Here are some examples of degrees in the Arts Industry you could do:

  • Animation BA (Hons)
  • Creative Arts BA (Hons)
  • Creative Writing BA (Hons)
  • Dance BA (Hons)
  • Graphic Design BA (Hons)
  • History of Arts BA (Hons)
  • Illustration BA (Hons)
  • Music BA (Hons)
  • Photography BA (Hons)
  • Textiles BA (Hons)
  • Visual Communications BA (Hons)
  • Interior Design BA (Hons)

Other routes

There are other options for you to get your career in the Arts, such as going straight into work or even being an entrepreneur and starting that way. Many people choose to work on their own projects, such as photography independently waiting for the right paid opportunities to come along. It is important that remember this can be a very competitive industry and many people aiming to start their career in the industry have to work in a different role, while they work in their dream role part-time or wait for the right opportunity.

Now it’s time to begin your arts search

Career Progression, Discover Your Future

Librarians

Work Description

Librarians appraise, obtain, index, collate and make available library acquisitions and organise and control other library services.

Qualification

Entry will normally require an accredited degree or postgraduate qualification. Most postgraduate courses require applicants to have had prior relevant work experience. Professional qualifications and NVQs/SVQs in Information and Library Service are available at Levels 2, 3 and 4.

Job Tasks

selects and arranges for the acquisition of books, periodicals, audio-visual and other material; collects, classifies and catalogues information, books and other material; prepares and circulates abstracts, bibliographies, book lists, etc.; identifies the information needs of clients, seeks out and evaluates information sources; establishes information storage systems to deal with queries and to maintain up to date records; manages library borrowing and inter-library loan facilities; promotes library services through displays and talks provides learning and cultural experiences through events such as author talks, reading groups, formal and informal teaching.

Related Jobs

Librarian, branch Librarian, chartered Librarian, film Librarian, hospital Librarian, magazine Librarian, media Librarian, newspaper Librarian, picture Librarian, tape, computer Librarian, tape, magnetic Librarian, technical Librarian, university Librarian, visual, audio Librarian Manager, resource, learning Scientist, information Superintendent 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Archivists and curators

Work Description

Archivists and curators collect, appraise and preserve collections of recorded and other material of historical interest.

Qualification

Entrants require a good first degree in order to gain entry to a relevant postgraduate course. Many postgraduate courses also require applicants to have gained relevant practical experience prior to entry. Training is typically received on-the-job. Professional qualifications leading to NVQs/SVQs in relevant areas at Levels 3, 4 and 5 are available.

Job Tasks

examines, appraises and advises on the acquisition of exhibits, historic records, government papers and other material; classifies material and arranges for its safe keeping and preservation; maintains indexes, bibliographies and descriptive details of archive material and arranges for reproductions of items where necessary; examines objects to identify any damage and carries out necessary restoration whilst preserving original characteristics; makes sure that storage and display conditions protect objects from deterioration and damage; allows access to original material or material not on display for researchers; develops and promotes ideas for exhibitions and displays; negotiates loans of material for specialist displays; liaises with school and other groups or individuals, publicises exhibits and arranges special displays for general, specialised or educational interest; answers verbal or written enquiries and gives advice on exhibits or other material.

Related Jobs

Archivist Assistant, curatorial Conservator Curator Inspector of ancient monuments Investigator Keeper, museum Keeper Keeper Keeper Officer, collection Officer, conservation, museum Officer, education, arts Officer, education Officer, education Officer, museum Officer, museums 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Artists

Work Description

Artists create artistic works using appropriate techniques, materials and media; design artwork and illustrations; and restore damaged pieces of art.

Qualification

No specific academic qualifications are required although a variety of vocational qualifications, degrees and postgraduate courses are available. Entry can be based upon portfolio work.

Job Tasks

conceives and develops ideas and ways of working for artistic composition; selects appropriate materials, medium and method; prepares sketches, scale drawings or colour schemes; builds up composition into finished work by carving, sculpting, etching, painting, engraving, drawing, etc.; approaches managers of galleries and exhibitions in order to get finished work displayed; uses artistic skills to restore damaged artworks; liaises with writers and publishers to produce book illustrations; markets and sells finished work directly to customers; produces works on commission basis for clients.

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Animator Artist, fashion Artist, medical Artist, press Artist, scenic Artist, visual Artist Artist and designer, fashion Artist-designer Assistant, sculptor's Calligrapher Cartoonist Cleaner, picture Engraver, portrait Etcher, black and white Illustrator, book Illustrator, chief Illustrator, fashion Illustrator, leading Illustrator, medical Illustrator, senior Illustrator Modeller, artistic Painter, artistic Painter, colour, water Painter, landscape Painter, marine Painter, miniature Painter, portrait Restorer, art Restorer, picture Sculptor Technician, art 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Authors, writers and translators

Work Description

Job holders in this unit group write, edit and evaluate literary material for publication excluding material for newspapers, magazines and other periodicals but including scripts and narrative for film, TV, radio and computer games and animations; and translate spoken and written statements into different languages.

Qualification

Entry is possible with a variety of academic qualifications and/or relevant experience. Postgraduate and professional qualifications are available and are required for some occupations.

Job Tasks

determines subject matter and researches as necessary by interviewing, attending public events, seeking out records, observing etc.; generates and develops creative ideas for literary material; selects material for publication, checks style, grammar and accuracy of content, arranges for any necessary revisions and checks proof copies before printing; negotiates contracts with freelance agents and with buyer on behalf of writer; writes instruction manuals and user guides, technical reports, catalogues and indexes, prepares sales literature and writes technical articles for trade journals; converts documents or spoken statements from original or source language into another language; provides communication support for the hard of hearing or the visually impaired.

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Adviser, literary Agent, literary Assistant, editorial Author, technical Author Bibliographer Biographer Blogger Communicator for the deaf Compiler, technical Consultant, editorial Consultant, language Consultant, publishing Copywriter Describer, audio Dramatist Editor, cartographic Editor, managing Editor, sales Editor, technical Editor Editor-in-chief Interpreter Interpreter and translator Lexicographer Linguist Manager, publications, technical Manager, publications Novelist Playwright Poet Reader, lip Reader, literary Reader, publisher's Screenwriter Speechwriter Translator Translator and interpreter Writer, communications, corporate Writer, copy Writer, creative Writer, freelance Writer, lyric Writer, medical Writer, report Writer, reports, senior Writer, screen Writer, script Writer, specialist Writer, specifications Writer, technical, senior Writer, technical Writer, technical Writer, travel Writer Writer and creator 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Actors, entertainers and presenters

Work Description

Actors, entertainers and presenters sing, portray roles in dramatic productions, perform comedy routines, gymnastic feats and tricks of illusion, train animals to perform and perform with them, and introduce and present radio and television programmes.

Qualification

Entry does not depend on academic qualifications although some drama schools require candidates to have GCSEs/S grades or A levels/H grades or a degree. Entry can be based upon an audition. Membership of the appropriate trade union is usually required. NVQs/SVQs in performing arts are available.

Job Tasks

studies script, play or book and prepares and rehearses interpretation; assumes character created by a playwright or author and communicates this to an audience; performs singing, comedy, acrobatic, illusion and conjuring routines; trains animals to perform entertaining routines and may perform with them; introduces and presents radio and television programmes, reads news bulletins and makes announcements; conducts interviews and prepares reports for news broadcasts, current affairs programmes and documentaries; plays pre-recorded music at nightclubs, discotheques, and private functions.

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Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Dancers and choreographers

Work Description

Dancers and choreographers devise, direct, rehearse and perform classical and contemporary dance routines.

Qualification

There are no formal academic requirements, although some dance schools may require candidates to have passed relevant dance Graded Examinations. Entry to courses is often via audition. Medical and physical assessments are required. Performers’ courses typically last three years and lead to a diploma or certificate awarded by the school. Some degree courses are also available.

Job Tasks

builds and maintains stamina, physical strength, agility and general health through fitness exercises and healthy eating; attends rehearsals to develop and practice dance routines for performance; participates in dance performance; demonstrates and directs dance moves, monitors and analyses technique and performance, and determines how improvements can be made.

Related Jobs

Artist, dance Ballerina Choreographer Coach, dance Dancer, ballet Dancer Instructor, dance Master, ballet Partner, dancing Teacher, ballet Teacher, dance Teacher, dancing 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Musicians

Work Description

Musicians write, arrange, orchestrate, conduct and perform musical compositions.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements although many possess a degree and/or diploma. Entry to a degree or graduate diploma course requires A levels/H grades. Entrants to the performers’ diploma course generally possess GCSEs/S grades and Associated Board Graded Examination passes in their chosen instrument(s) and will be required to audition. Apprenticeships at NVQ Levels 2 and 3 are available in some areas.

Job Tasks

conceives and writes original music; tunes instrument and studies and rehearses score; plays instrument as a soloist or as a member of a group or orchestra; scores music for different combinations of voices and instruments to produce desired effect; auditions and selects performers and rehearses and conducts them in the performance of the composition.

Related Jobs

Accompanist Arranger, music Bandmaster Bandsman Bassoonist Campanologist Cellist Clarinettist Composer Conductor, music Conductor, musical Conductor Copyist, music Cornetist Director, musical Director of music Drummer Flautist Guitarist Harpist Instrumentalist Leader, band Leader, orchestra Major, pipe Master, band Musician Oboist Orchestrator Organiser, music Organist Performer Pianist Player Ringer, bell Transcriber, music Trombonist Tympanist Violinist Violoncellist Writer, music Writer, song 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Arts officers, producers and directors

Work Description

Arts officers, producers and directors assume creative, financial and organisational responsibilities in the production and direction of television and radio programmes, films, stage presentations, content for other media, and the promotion and exhibition of other creative activities.

Qualification

Entry can be via academic qualifications, BTEC/SQA awards, diplomas or degrees in sector-relevant subjects. Apprenticeships are available at NVQ Levels 2 and 3 in some areas.

Job Tasks

chooses writers, scripts, technical staff and performers, and assumes overall responsibility for completion of project on time and within budget; directs actors, designers, camera team, sound crew and other production and technical staff to achieve desired effects; breaks script into scenes and formulates a shooting schedule that will be most economical in terms of time, location and sets; prepares rehearsal and production schedule for main events, design of sets and costumes, technical rehearsals and dress rehearsals; ensures necessary equipment, props, performers and technical staff are on set when required; manages health and safety issues; selects, contracts, markets and arranges for the presentation and/or distribution of performance, visual and heritage arts.

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Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Photographers, audio-visual and broadcasting equipment operators

Work Description

Workers in this unit group operate and assist with still, cine and television cameras and operate other equipment to record, manipulate and project sound and vision for entertainment, cultural, commercial and industrial purposes.

Qualification

There are no set academic requirements although entrants usually possess GCSEs/S grades, A levels/H grades and are able to demonstrate proof of pre- entry work experience. A variety of diplomas, degrees and postgraduate qualifications are available. NVQs/SVQs in Photography are available at Levels 2, 3 and 4.

Job Tasks

selects subject and conceives composition of picture or discusses composition with colleagues; arranges subject, lighting, camera equipment and any microphones; inserts lenses and adjusts aperture and speed settings as necessary; operates scanning equipment to transfer image to computer and manipulates image to achieve the desired effect; photographs subject or follows action by moving camera; takes, records and manipulates digital images and digital video footage; controls transmission, broadcasting and satellite systems for television and radio programmes, identifies and solves related technical problems; checks operation and positioning of projectors, vision and sound recording equipment, and mixing and dubbing equipment; operates equipment to record, edit and play back films and television programmes; manages health and safety issues; operates sound mixing and dubbing equipment to obtain desired mix, level and balance of sound.

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Artist, photographic Assistant, camera, first Assistant, camera, second Assistant, cameraman's Assistant, film Assistant, photographer's Assistant, photographic Assistant, sound Assistant, studio Balancer, sound Cameraman, chief Cameraman Cinematographer Controller, sound Designer, lighting Designer, sound Director, lighting, technical Director, lighting, theatre Director of photography Editor, camera, video Editor, dubbing Editor, sound Engineer, audio Engineer, camera, video Engineer, control, vision Engineer, recording Engineer, sound Engineer, studio Engineer, vision Manager, audio-visual Manager, lighting Manager, lighting Manager, sound, theatre Manager, technical Manager, visual, audio Mixer, dubbing Mixer, sound Mixer, vision Mixer Officer, aids, visual Officer, resources, media Operator, aids, audio-visual Operator, boom Operator, camera, video Operator, camera Operator, camera Operator, camera Operator, camera Operator, cinema Operator, cinematograph Operator, control, sound Operator, equipment, video Operator, limelight Operator, photo Operator, photo-litho Operator, photographic Operator, recorder, film Operator, recorder, videotape Operator, studio, photogravure Operator, tape Operator, technical Operator, telecine Operator, video Operator, VT Photographer Pilot, drone, commercial Projectionist Puller, focus Recorder Recordist, sound Rigger Soundman Supervisor, vision Technician, aids, visual Technician, backline Technician, camera, video Technician, cine Technician, film Technician, imaging, digital Technician, media Technician, photographic Technician, sound Technician, stage, theatre Technician, theatre Technician, visual, audio Technician Videographer Writer, subtitle 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Graphic designers

Work Description

Graphic designers use illustrative, sound, visual and multimedia techniques to convey a message for information, entertainment, advertising, promotion or publicity purposes, and create special visual effects and animations for computer games, film, interactive and other media.

Qualification

Entrants have usually completed a foundation course, a BTEC/SQA award, a degree and/or postgraduate qualification. NVQs/SVQs in Design (in various disciplines) are available at Levels 2 and 3. Portfolio work is also important for entry.

Job Tasks

liaises with client to clarify aims of project brief, discusses media, software and technology to be used, establishes timetable for project and defines budgetary constraints; undertakes research into project, considers previous related projects and compares costs of using different processes; prepares sketches, scale drawings, models, colour schemes and other mock-ups to show clients and discusses any required alterations; prepares specification and instructions for realisation of the project; liaises with other parts of the production team to ensure graphic design fits with other elements, processes and timescales; produces or oversees creation of the final product.

Related Jobs

Animator, 2D, computer Animator, 2D Animator, 3D, computer Animator, 3D Animator, computer Animator, effects, visual Animator, motion, stop Animator, VFX Artist, 3D Artist, commercial Artist, computer Artist, digital Artist, effects, digital Artist, effects, visual Artist, environment Artist, games, computer Artist, graphic Artist, layout Artist, lettering Artist, litho Artist, lithographic Artist, Mac Artist, stereo Artist, technical Artist, texture Artist, VFX Artworker, digital Artworker, senior Artworker Assistant, graphics Assistant, publications Assistant, publishing Consultant, design, graphic Controller, display Coordinator, design, graphic Copier, design Copyist, design Copyist, designer's Copyist Decorator, display Designer, 3D Designer, advert Designer, art Designer, digital Designer, display Designer, exhibition Designer, graphic Designer, graphic and web Designer, graphics, motion Designer, infographic Designer, multi-media Designer, visualisation, data Designer Illuminator Illustrator, technical Modeller, environment Officer, graphics Officer, services, creative Operator, DTP Operator, Mac, Apple Operator, Mac Operator, publishing, top, desk Setter-out Supervisor, effects, visual Supervisor, VFX Technician, graphics Visualiser, 3D Visualiser 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Product, clothing and related designers

Work Description

Product, clothing and related designers plan, direct and undertake the creation of designs for new industrial and commercial products, clothing and related fashion accessories, costumes and wigs, and for building interiors and stage sets.

Qualification

Entrants have usually completed a foundation course, BTEC/SQA award, degree and or postgraduate qualification. NVQs/SVQs in Fashion Design and Design are available at Level 2, as are apprenticeships at Levels 2 and 3.

Job Tasks

liaises with client to determine the purpose, cost, technical specification and potential uses/users of product; undertakes research to determine market trends, production requirements, availability of resources and formulates design concepts; prepares sketches, designs, patterns or prototypes for textiles, clothing, footwear, jewellery, fashion accessories, set props, wigs, ceramics, plastics, motor vehicles, domestic appliances and engineering products; prepares sketches, designs, mock-ups and storyboards for consideration by theatre/film director or client; submits design to management, sales department or client for approval, communicates design rationale and makes any necessary alterations; specifies materials, production method and finish for aesthetic or functional effect, and oversees production of sample and/or finished product; observes and manages intellectual property issues.

Related Jobs

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Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Library clerks and assistants

Work Description

Library clerks and assistants classify, sort and file publications, documents, audio-visual and computerised material in libraries and offices.

Qualification

There are no minimum academic requirements, although entrants usually possess GCSEs/S grades or A-Levels/H grades. Training is usually provided on-the-job. NVQs/ SVQs in Information and Library Services are available at Levels 2 and 3.

Job Tasks

sorts, catalogues and maintains library records; locates and retrieves material on request for borrowers; issues library material and records date of issue/ due date for return; classifies, labels and indexes new books; performs simple repairs on old books.

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Abstractor Agent, cutting, press Assistant, archives Assistant, bibliographic Assistant, chief Assistant, clerical Assistant, counter Assistant, information Assistant, information Assistant, library Assistant, resource, learning Assistant, services, bibliographic Assistant Attendant, library Clerk, cuttings, press Clerk, library Clerk Clipper, press Looker-out, book Reader Supervisor, library 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Glass and ceramics makers, decorators and finishers

Work Description

Glass and ceramics workers, form, shape, decorate, smooth and polish glassware, earthenware, refractory goods, clay bricks and other ceramic goods.

Qualification

There are no formal academic entry requirements. Training is typically provided on-the-job. NVQs/ SVQs at Levels 1, 2 and 3 are available in some areas.

Job Tasks

uses hand tools and operates machinery to heat, bend, shape, press, drill and cut glass; makes artificial eyes, laminated glass sheets or blocks, glass fibre tissue, wool, filament and matting, marks optical lenses and assembles rimless spectacles; makes models and moulds from moulding clay and plaster for use in the making and casting of pottery and other ceramic goods; throws, casts and presses clay by hand or machine to form pottery, stoneware or refractory goods such as bricks, crucibles, ornaments, sanitary furnishings, saggars, cups, saucers, plates and roofing tiles; cuts and joins unfired stoneware pipes to form junctions and gullies, moulds sealing bands on clay pipes, prepares and joins porcelain or earthenware components and assists crucible makers and stone workers with their tasks; applies decorative designs and finishes to glassware, optical glass and ceramic goods by grinding, smoothing, polishing, cutting, etching, dipping, painting or transferring patterns or labels.

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Aerographer Archman Artist, ceramic Artist, glass, stained Artist, pottery Artist Artist Assistant, maker's, crucible Assistant, moulder's Attendant, polisher's, glass Badger Bander, clay Bander, glass Bander, wash Bander Batter Bender, glass Bender, tube Bender Beveller Blacker Blaster, sand Blocker, lens Blocker Blocker Blower, bottle Blower, bulb Blower, glass Blower, glaze Blower, thermometer Blower Blower Boy, post Boy, wire Breaker-off Brusher, glaze Brusher, sanitary Brusher Bumper Burner-off Burnisher, gold Burnisher Carboniser, nickel Caster, china Caster, hollow-ware Caster, sanitary Caster, statue Caster Caster Caster Cementer Centerer Centerer and edger Chairman Chequerer Chipper Chummer-in Cleaner Coater, ceramics Cracker-off Cutter, brick Cutter, brilliant Cutter, diamond Cutter, glass, optical Cutter, lens Cutter, letter, glass Cutter, lustre, glass Cutter, plate Cutter, ring Cutter, stilt Cutter, tube Cutter Cutter Cutter Decorator, aerograph Decorator, aerographing Decorator, ceramic Decorator, glass Decorator, slip Decorator Dipper, automatic Dipper, machine Dipper Drawer Drawer Dresser, brick Driller, ceramic Driller, glass Driller, porcelain Driller, pottery Duster, colour Duster Edger Edger Embosser Emptier, press, electrical Emptier, press Enameller Engineer, optical Engraver, glass Engraver, pattern, pottery Engraver, pottery Engraver Engraver Etcher, hand Etcher, machine Etcher Etcher Extruder Fettler, pipe, sanitary Fettler Filler Finisher, crucible Finisher, glass Finisher, lens Finisher, pipe Finisher, pipe Finisher, sanitary Finisher Finisher Finisher Finisher Flasher Flattener Flatter Foreman, batch Foreman, house, glass Foreman, shed, press Foreman, shop, cutting Foreman, shop Foreman, yard, brick Foreman Foreman Foreman Former, glass Froster Froster Gaffer Gatherer Gauger Gilder Glazer, button Glazer, lens Glazer, optical Glazer, pottery Glazer Glazer Glazier, lens Glazier, optical Grinder, flat Grinder, glass Grinder, lens Grinder, optical Grinder, slab, optical Grinder, stopper, glass Grinder, surface Grinder, wheel, emery Grinder Grinder Grinder and polisher Hand, bottle Hand, prism Jiggerer Jointer, pipe Jointer, stanford Jointer Jointer Jollier Knocker Knocker-off Knocker-out Labeller, colour Ladler Laminator Lather Layer, ground Liner, gold Liner, tube Liner Liner Lipper, glass Lithographer Lustrer Maker, appliance, sanitary Maker, ball Maker, basin Maker, basket, ornamental Maker, bat Maker, block Maker, bottle Maker, bottle Maker, bowl Maker, brick Maker, cast, plaster Maker, ceramic Maker, cover Maker, crank Maker, crucible Maker, cup Maker, dish Maker, eye, artificial Maker, figure Maker, flange Maker, flower Maker, foot Maker, form Maker, glass Maker, handle Maker, hollow-ware Maker, insulator Maker, jar Maker, lens Maker, mirror Maker, model, plaster Maker, model Maker, mould, plaster Maker, mould Maker, oddstuff Maker, pantile Maker, pattern Maker, pin Maker, pipe, clay Maker, pipe, drain Maker, pipe, sanitary Maker, pipe Maker, pipe Maker, plaque Maker, plate Maker, pot Maker, pottery Maker, prism Maker, radiant, fire, gas Maker, ridge Maker, saddle Maker, saggar Maker, sagger Maker, saucer Maker, screen, wind Maker, sink Maker, slab Maker, stopper Maker, stopper Maker, teapot Maker, thermometer Maker, thimble Maker, tile Maker, tube Maker, tubing Man, balcony Man, cut-off Man, disc Man, muffle Manager, prescription Manipulator, glass Manufacturer, ceramics Manufacturer, glass Manufacturer Manufacturer Marker-out Marker-up, lens Mason, fireclay Mason, ware, sanitary Mechanic, optical Melter Miller, optical Modeller, clay Modeller, glass Modeller, plaster Modeller Mottler Moulder, bottle Moulder, brick Moulder, clay Moulder, faience Moulder, fireclay Moulder, furnace Moulder, hand Moulder, hand Moulder, lens Moulder, pipe, clay Moulder, plaster Moulder, tile, hand Moulder Moulder Notcher Opener, piece Optician, manufacturing Ornamenter Painter, craft Painter, enamel Painter, flower Painter, freehand Painter, glaze Painter, pottery Painter, rough Painter, slip Painter, spray Painter, underglaze Painter Painter Pantographer Piercer Pinner Pitcher and malletter Plasterer Polisher, edge Polisher, enamel Polisher, fine Polisher, glass Polisher, glost Polisher, gold Polisher, hand Polisher, lens Polisher, slab, optical Polisher, tile Polisher Polisher Potter, clay Potter Potter Preparer Preparer Presser, brick Presser, die Presser, dust Presser, flat Presser, glass Presser, hollow-ware Presser, hot Presser, pottery Presser, sagger Presser, tile Presser Presser Puncher Remoulder Repairer, china Repairer, glass Repairer Restorer Restorer Riveter Riveter Rougher Rumbler Runner, mould Scolloper Scourer Selector, glass Servitor Setter, lens Setter, machine, optical Setter Shaper Sider Slitter, glass, optical Smoother Spinner, silk, glass Sponger Sponger of clayware Sprayer, aerograph Sprayer, cellulose Sprayer, colour Sprayer, colour Sprayer, enamel Sprayer, glaze Sprayer Sprayer Stainer Stenciller, aerographing Sticker, junction Sticker, punty Stopper, glaze Stopper Stripper Surfacer, lens, optical Surfacer, optical Taker-off Technician, lens, contact Thrower Tooler, glass Toucher-up Tower Transferer, lithograph Transferer Transferer Trimmer Turner, machine, pottery Turner, porcelain, electric Turner Turner-out Washer Wedger, clay Worker, acid Worker, blowpipe Worker, field, brick Worker, gold Worker, lamp Worker, lathe Worker, lens Worker, optical Worker, pottery Worker, prism Worker, tile 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers

Work Description

Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers make, repair and restore wooden furniture, decorative objects and other crafted pieces of woodwork.

Qualification

There are no formal entry requirements, although entrants typically possess a variety of academic and vocational qualifications. Training is provided off- and on-the-job. A number of NVQs/SVQs and other vocational qualifications covering various aspects of furniture production and wood machining are available at various levels. Apprenticeships in Cabinet Making are available in some areas.

Job Tasks

examines drawings and specifications to determine job requirements and appropriate materials; selects, measures, cuts and shapes wood using saws, chisels, planes, powered hand tools and woodworking machines; assembles parts with crafted joints, nails, screws, dowels or adhesives and fits locks, catches, hinges, castors, drawers, shelves and other fittings; removes, replaces or repairs damaged parts of wooden furniture; measures floor area to be covered and lays wood blocks, parquet panels or hardwood strips; matches and marks out veneers ready for cutting and examines and repairs defects in veneer or plywood sheets.

Related Jobs

Bender, timber Bender Bender Blaster, sand Bobber Bodger, chair Borer, wide Bowyer Builder, barrow Builder, cart Builder, shed Builder, wheel Carver, frame Carver, letter Carver, stock Carver, wood Carver Carver Caseworker Cleaver, lath Cleaver, wood Cleaver Cooper Craftsman, museum Dresser, stick Dresser, wood Embosser Engraver, marquetry Engraver, parquetry Filer Finisher, coffin Finisher, peg, shuttle Finisher, spray Finisher Fitter, cabinet Fitter, case, cabinet Fitter, case, piano Fitter, fittings and furniture Fitter, frame Fitter, furniture Fitter, gymnastics Fitter, overmantel Fitter Fitter-up Foreman Foreman Framer, picture Framer, seat Framer Furnisher, coffin Hand, bench Hinger, last Joiner Jointer, edge, veneer Jointer, tapeless Maker, arm Maker, barrel and cask Maker, barrow Maker, bat, cricket Maker, bed Maker, block, clog Maker, block, hat Maker, block Maker, bobbin Maker, bow Maker, bowl Maker, bowl Maker, cabinet Maker, cart Maker, case, book Maker, case, cabinet Maker, case, clock Maker, case, cutlery Maker, case, instrument Maker, case, jewel Maker, case, show Maker, case, television Maker, case Maker, chair Maker, club, golf Maker, coffin Maker, coffin and casket Maker, cue, billiard Maker, desk Maker, drawers Maker, fence, timber Maker, float Maker, form Maker, frame, chair Maker, frame, mirror Maker, frame, oxon Maker, frame, photo Maker, frame, picture Maker, frame, racquet Maker, frame Maker, frame Maker, furniture, bamboo Maker, furniture, cane Maker, furniture, garden Maker, furniture, wicker Maker, furniture Maker, gate Maker, grid Maker, heel Maker, hurdle Maker, keg Maker, ladder Maker, last Maker, letter Maker, mould Maker, oar Maker, part Maker, pattern Maker, peg Maker, pipe Maker, racquet Maker, rod, fishing Maker, saddletree Maker, screen Maker, scull Maker, seat, cane Maker, seat, garden Maker, seat Maker, shed Maker, shovel Maker, shuttle Maker, skewer Maker, sley Maker, spar Maker, staging Maker, stamp, bleacher's Maker, stave Maker, stick, hockey Maker, stick, walking Maker, stock Maker, table Maker, tray Maker, vat Maker, wagon, timber Maker, wardrobe Maker, wattle Maker and joiner, cabinet Man, bench Manufacturer, furniture, cane Manufacturer, furniture Manufacturer Manufacturer Marker-off Marker-out Matcher, veneer Operator, jointer Painter, spray Polisher, bobbin, wood Polisher, heald Polisher, pipe Preparer, veneer Pumicer Pumicer Renovator, antiques Renovator Repairer, antiques Repairer, chair Repairer, furniture Repairer, pipe Restorer, antiques Restorer, furniture Restorer Seater, chair Splicer, veneer Sprayer, cellulose Sprayer, paint Sprayer Stocker Weighter Wheeler Wheelwright Woodworker Woodwright Worker, bench Worker, cabinet Worker, case 

Estimated Pay

Information on weekly pay (average, median and decile) is taken from a combination of two sources: the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE); and the Labour Force Survey (LFS) (both conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS)). ASHE is widely regarded as the most reliable source of information on Pay and Hours, however it does not include information on pay by qualification as well as some other characteristics (such as self-employment).

Unemployment Data

The level and rate of UK unemployment for this career path measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) as a percentage, using the International Labour Organisation's definition of unemployment.

Projected Employment Levels

Estimated Hours

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